The state of health of a diabetic person undergoes minor to major complications if preventive measures are not practiced completely. When insulin levels in a diabetic body are reduced to acute levels, condition of diabetic emergency is created which makes the body more susceptible to a diabetic coma.
Intimidating effects of Diabetic Coma low blood sugar levels
A diabetic patient is always under the risk of acquiring infirmity condition and can experience life threatening emergencies during its episodes which can lead to even brain damage & death. If signs of high blood sugar levels are left unchecked, patient can suffer from loss of consciousness or depression and may fall under coma due to uncontrolled glucose levels.
Variant forms of Diabetic Coma
Diabetic ketoacidosis or Ketoacidotic Coma – Threat for Type1 Diabetics
Insulin deficiency push body to breakdown stored fat when starved muscle cells require energy. When body becomes incapable to use glucose to manage the requirement of energy, in this process toxic acids ketones are formed in the liver which causes ketonemia due to excessive ketone accumulation thereby making the blood strongly acidic. Timing is critical at this stage as elevated levels of ketones can poison the entire body leading to metabolic acidosis and if left untreated even for few hours can rapidly turn into diabetes coma (which is most commonly found in Type1 diabetes) and in severe cases result in death.
Symptoms: Unclear or blurred vision, abdominal pain, drowsiness, leg cramps, thirst, nausea, vomiting, low blood pressure, confusion, oblivion.
Testing and Monitoring Ketones concentration in blood
Generally, two tests are performed to know the build-up of exact levels of these chemicals which can reveal hyperglycemia, metabolic acidosis and elevated potassium levels. Patient can recover from this form if they get immediate medical attention.
- Blood Ketone Testing
- Urine Testing
Diabetic hyperosmolar syndrome or severe Hyperglycemia
Most common in Type2 diabetes, in this condition the blood sugar tops 600 mg/dl and at such a high count blood becomes thick which results into unconsciousness, critical dehydration and coma without significant acidosis condition. From blood the extra sugar is passed into urine, which causes excess amount of fluid out of your body. This is the most common form found in case of patients who suffer from debilitating condition of type2 diabetes. Treatment involves a gradual rehydration to counter the parched body from dehydration combined with proper insulin medications.
Symptoms: Extreme dehydration, seizures, coma and death in severe cases.
Hypoglycemic (or low blood sugar levels) coma
When a diabetic patient practice harsh treatment to overcome signs of high blood sugar such as overdose of insulin, skipping meals, heavy exercise and alcohol addiction, in this process body loses excess glucose to cope with the energy required during strenuous sessions and the raised blood sugar condition is reversed to low blood sugar which starves the brain of the energy it needs. In such cases patient encounters low blood sugar symptoms which results in unconsciousness, seizures & coma.
Extreme hunger & thirst, dizzy spells, pallor, weakness or fatigue, Diaphoresis (sweating), confusion, sleepiness, breathing trouble, shivering, heart palpitations, fruity smell of breathe.
Recovery from raised blood sugar fatal symptoms
A diabetic coma is a state of dilemma as it can start with signs of either hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia. Control limits to instant medical help & adopting healthy lifestyle.
Prompt Medical Treatment
With right medical support patient can strive to understand the warning signs of high or low blood sugar levels and work efficiently to reverse them. The possibility of dying from a diabetic coma is based on the patient’s general health conditions, age and past health record. Many have struggled to survive and have reversed the scary state of diabetes coma.
Inflicted people keep an emergency diabetes test kit, to quickly review disturbed insulin metabolism and revive the deranged health position and avoid falling under coma.
Altering poor lifestyle
Respond well to lifestyle modification with balanced diet & exercise. Vigilance and lifestyle changes are essential points because unchecked diabetes often results in rapid onset of coma and death.