A fasting blood sugar test, also called a fasting plasma glucose test measures blood glucose levels after one has gone without food for at least eight hours.
Fasting triggers the pancreas to release hormones that communicates with the liver to start digesting the stored glycogen into glucose. The same pancreas further responds on short notice, by releasing insulin to manage any excesses of glucose and level it up in the body. The fasting blood sugar test at this point in diabetic cases exhibit a positive diagnosis to the disease as either because the insulin is missing or not enough to fight the struggle.
Fasting test diagnosis in milligrams per deciliter:
|Normal||70 to 100 mg/dl|
|Pre-diabetes||101 to 126 mg/dl|
|Diagnosis of diabetes||Higher than 126 mg/dl|
Calculate & Match Your Normal Counts
The identification and diagnosis of diabetes is typically done by comparing blood glucose levels before and following a meal. A blood sugar chart helps in numeric representation and monitoring the levels of blood sugar before, during, and after a meal that is used to diagnose the potential presence of diabetes.
An easy way to track levels is by using a glucose meter or similar estimating devices which can be used conveniently at home or while travelling. Proper attention should be paid to different types of medications, foods, stress level or any other activity that cause an undesirable decrease or increase in the levels of blood sugar.
|Categories||Fasting Value (in mg/dl)||Post meal|
|Minimum value||Maximum value||2hours after meal|
|Normal state||70||100||Lower than 140|
|Early Diabetes||101||126||Between 140 to 200|
|Diabetes Mellitus||Higher than 126||–||Higher than 200|
(As per the medical guidelines)
What should I do if my fasting blood sugar scales above normal?
The Fasting test or fasting plasma glucose test is mainly done for diabetics to depict insulin’s improper functioning in the body. Due to prolonged fasting (about 12 to 14 hours) the glucagon hormone (formed by the pancreas) is stimulated in the body which raises the plasma glucose amount in blood.
For Non-diabetic person – the body will produce insulin hormone to prevent hyperglycemic condition.
For Diabetic person – as the body cannot produce required insulin, fasting blood sugar levels stay high.
- Restrict to food that fights irregular glucose levels
- Maintain weight to cut extra calories & sugar accumulation.
- Sleep well to control glucose levels
- Indulge in different physical activities.
- Calorie restriction – Check your fat intake & keep a food record (calories intake per day).
- Consult dietician & follow right medication
What is the key to cut down the risk of unstable blood sugar?
No surprise fact that food acts as a medicine which heals our body from chronic diseases & serious infections. A well-planned meal plays a key-role in managing fluctuating blood sugar levels. Having nutritious meals & getting your body in shape with routine exercise contributes to managing raised blood sugar figures & extends healthy living.