If your health diagnosis chart highlights unstable or raised blood sugar levels, it is high time that you maintain a balanced diet and keep a healthy lifestyle. Excessive over-eating with less or no cardio workout can make your body prone to the symptoms of irregular blood sugar levels and its consequences such as reduced body response to insulin hormone that ultimately makes your body dull internally & externally.
Testing Your Blood Sugar To Prevent Future Complications
When blood glucose levels start to crawl up, the body is prone to several complications such as weakness, failure of different body organs at severe levels. Therefore, assessing your numbers is an extremely initial & crucial step to detect the rise and fall of blood sugar. There are special diagnostic tools available in the market, such as: Glucose-meters, blood-test strips and glucose monitoring kits, which conveniently record and inform you of the concentration of glucose in your blood.
Determine counts variation
Blood glucose assessment can be done in different ways:
1: Fasting Blood Sugar Test (FBS) – In this, the individual has to hold the consumption of food/drink continually for 8 hours (in some cases, 12 hours usually overnight). Fasting test helps to review the insulin function, detect pre-diabetes condition, Hyperglycemia (raised blood sugar condition), gestational diabetes and is done by taking the individual’s blood sample.
In the course of test, refer to blood sugar level graph (data shown below as per medical guidelines and medical experts) for intricacies of observed figures, guidelines such as:
- Completely avoid eatables continuously for 8 hours
- Keep body well hydrated by drinking plenty of water before test
- No alcohol and smoking
- No caffeine intake
- No strenuous exercise or emotional stress
Fasting Blood Sugar Level Graph
|FBS Readings (in mg/dl)||Signifies|
|Less than 70||Low fasting range|
|Between 70 to 99||Normal fasting range|
|Between 100 to 125||Pre-diabetes|
|126 and more||Diabetes|
2: Two-hours Postprandial Test– This examines the glucose concentration in blood 2 hours after meal. The person is given a special glucose drink and not any eatables and just 2 hours after drink, a blood sample is taken for testing the sugar quantity.
|Postprandial blood sugar Analysis||about 70-145 mg/dl|
3: Simple or Random Evaluation – It involves random monitoring of blood sugar counts several times for better control. A healthy person can match the readings repeatedly, despite of any meal intake all through the day.
|RBS test||about 70 to 125 mg/dl|
4: Oral Glucose Tolerance (OGTT) – This check is used to diagnose gestational diabetes during pregnancy. There’s no such limitation on food before the test.
- Eat a well-nutritious diet
- No smoking or alcohol
- No prescribed medicines
- Drink sufficient water
If the screening test result signifies positive then, a complete glucose tolerance diagnostic test is performed where the readings as shown below in milligrams per deciliter shows:
|OGTT Readings (in mg/dl)||Signifies|
|Less than 140||Normal body Metabolism|
|Between 140 to 200||Pre-diabetes|
|More than 200||Diabetes Mellitus Syndrome|
5. Hemoglobin A1C or Glycated hemoglobin test
It determines an average quantity of sugar present in blood over past two to three months. It simply measures the amount of glucose attached to the hemoglobin in red blood cells.
Things have become quite easier now with emerging technology, as researchers are making progress in developing portable, fast monitoring system that simply scan a person’s finger or arm and display the readings. No finger sticks/needles and no need to puncture your finger for a blood sample; new techniques are effective and simpler, which can avoid even a slight discomfort or inflammation caused while pricking a finger.
The observed data can vary depending upon individual’s health status, which includes factors from overall nutritional level to physical efforts. However the information obtained from testing is immensely helpful as it alerts a person in:
- Identifying either low or high or else normal range of blood glucose
- Poor amount of insulin produced by pancreas, in case of elevated levels
- If already a pre-diabetic, medication is effective or not
- Diabetic-diet plan
- Adjust meal planning and exercise
- Focus on maintaining a healthy weight
- Have proactive control and management to reverse the effects of such chronic disease.
Complete cure of raised blood sugar is still a challenge. For diabetics it is an ongoing battle to climb the pillars of well-being. Any deviation from the normal range can set an alarming state for your health. Watch your personal and family eating habits and take essential steps to maintain body glucose regularly.
To counter balance such infirmity condition, plenty of sacrifice is required to defy the symptoms of blood sugar. One can enjoy a healthy lifestyle by implementing a well-planned healthy-eating and exercise routine.